Make Medical Expenses Tax-Free Earnings

Make Medical Expenses Tax-Free Earnings

The cost of medical consultations and medication can accumulate rapidly, particularly when you or your children require frequent medical examinations.

If you frequently incur medical expenses, it may be prudent to establish a Health Savings Account (HSA) to ensure that all such expenses are eligible for deduction, rather than only a portion thereof.

One of the primary tax benefits of Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) is that contributions made to the account are exempt from taxation, provided that specific criteria are met. To qualify for an HSA, an individual must be enrolled in a high-deductible health plan (HDHP) that adheres to certain limits on deductibles and out-of-pocket expenses, depending on whether the coverage is for a single person or a family. Additionally, individuals must not be enrolled in any other non-HDHP coverage, such as a general-purpose health reimbursement account (HRA) or health flexible spending account (FSA), nor can they be enrolled in Medicare.


How to make Tax-Free contributions to HSA

There are three methods by which tax-free contributions can be made to Health Savings Accounts (HSAs):

 Firstly, employees may opt to make pretax HSA contributions through payroll deductions, provided their employer permits such a practice. These deductions are not subject to federal income tax, Social Security or Medicare (FICA) taxes, or most state income taxes. Employees are generally free to initiate, modify, or terminate HSA contributions at any point during the year.

 Secondly, employers may choose to make contributions directly to their employees’ HSAs. Such contributions are not considered taxable income for the employees and are therefore exempt from income and payroll taxes. Typically, employers will make these contributions proportionally throughout the year.

 Finally, individuals may make contributions from their personal funds and claim deductions for these contributions on their individual income tax returns. To qualify for deduction in a given tax year, contributions must be made during that year or by April 15 of the following year. 


Tax-Free Earnings

The second tax benefit of Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) is that any investment earnings accrued within the account are exempt from income taxes while held in the account. Additionally, if these earnings are withdrawn to cover medical expenses, they remain untaxed.

 HSAs are straightforward to establish, and most financial institutions offer trust and custodial services for them. These institutions typically provide a diverse range of investment options for HSA funds, which carry over from year to year. 

Moreover, the HSA always remains the property of the account holder, even if it is established through an employer. Therefore, if the employee terminates their employment, the HSA funds are not subject to forfeiture. Typically, the employee can continue to maintain the HSA with the same financial institution. 


Tax-Free Distributions

Regarding the timing of Health Savings Account (HSA) distributions, account holders are authorized to take distributions from their accounts at any time. This means that an account holder may take multiple distributions from their HSA within a given year. Alternatively, an account holder may choose to delay distributions and allow the HSA funds to accumulate over several years, as there is no time limit on when distributions must commence. Unlike retirement plans or Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs), there is no requirement for HSA distributions to begin at a specific age. Additionally, HSA owners may take tax-free distributions in the current year for qualified medical expenses incurred in prior years after the HSA was opened, provided that proper documentation of the expenses is maintained, the expenses were not previously deducted on Form 1040, and were not reimbursed by another source.



Health savings accounts present a distinctive prospect for tax savings, as they allow for:

1 tax-free contributions (subject to certain limits)

2 tax-free investment earnings

3 tax-free distributions if utilized for qualified medical expenses.


Contact us today at Profit Wise to get started! Call us at 256-489-1478 or schedule a consultation here.